Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Lung cancer and schwannoma - the pitfalls of positron emission tomography

Câncer de pulmão e schwannoma - as armadilhas da tomografia por emissão de prótons

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luiz Carlos de Lima, José Correa Lima-Netto, Michel de Araújo Tavares, Felipe de Siqueira Moreira Gil

J Bras Pneumol.2014;40(3):319-321

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Characteristics of patients with lung cancer in the city of Manaus, Brazil

Características de pacientes com câncer de pulmão na cidade de Manaus

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luis Carlos de Lima, Edson Oliveira Andrade, José Corrêa Lima Netto, Andrei Salvioni da Silva, Bruna Cecília Neves de Carvalho

J Bras Pneumol.2009;35(2):157-163

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of patients with lung cancer. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study of patients receiving a histopathological diagnosis of lung cancer between 1995 and 2002 in the city of Manaus, Brazil. Data were collected from the medical archives of three hospitals. Statistical analyses were carried out, and survival curves were generated by means of an actuarial estimator. Results: Of the 352 patients selected, 262 (74.4%) were male and 90 (25.6%) were female. The mean age was 62 years. The following histological types were identified: squamous cell carcinoma, 62.8%; adenocarcinoma, 24.7%; small cell carcinoma, 9.1%; and large cell carcinoma, 3.4%. The most common stages were stages IIIB and IV, in 45% and 21.5%, respectively. Of the total sample, 73.4% were submitted to treatment. Of these, 51.4% underwent radiotherapy; 16.6%, surgery; 15.8%, chemotherapy; and 16.2%, radiotherapy in association with chemotherapy. Cumulative survival rates were low: three-year survival was 6.5%, and five-year survival was 3.5%. Conclusions: In this group of patients with lung cancer, survival rates were considerably lower than those reported in the literature. This might be attributable to the limited access to the specialized health care system and the advanced stage of the disease at diagnosis.

 


Keywords: Lung neoplasms; Neoplasm staging; Survival.

 


Expansion of a lung bulla caused by cystic adenomatoid malformation during air travel

Distensão de bolha pulmonar por malformação adenomatoide cística durante viagem aérea

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luís Carlos de Lima, José Corrêa Lima Netto, Márcia dos Santos da Silva, Ingrid Loureiro de Queiroz Lima, Danielle Cristine Westphal

J Bras Pneumol.2012;38(2):272-274

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Castleman's disease associated with follicular dendritic cell sarcoma and myasthenia gravis

Doença de Castleman associada a sarcoma de células dendríticas foliculares e miastenia gravis

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luís Carlos de Lima, Luiz Carlos Lopes Santana, José Corrêa Lima Netto, Vanise Campos Gomes Amaral, Márcia dos Santos da Silva

J Bras Pneumol.2010;36(6):819-823

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Castleman's disease is an atypical lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology, which might be associated with various clinical conditions, including autoimmune diseases and malignant neoplasms. We report the case of a 72-year-old female patient who was referred to the thoracic surgery department of Getúlio Vargas University Hospital, in the city of Manaus, Brazil, for the resection of a posterior mediastinal tumor. Three months prior, the patient had been admitted to the ICU with signs of severe dyspnea, at which time she was diagnosed with myasthenia gravis. After the resection of the mediastinal tumor, the histopathological examination revealed hyaline vascular-type Castleman's disease, complicated by follicular dendritic cell sarcoma. At this writing, the patient was being treated with an anticholinesterase agent and corticosteroids for the control of myasthenia gravis.

 


Keywords: Giant lymph node hyperplasia; Dendritic cell sarcoma, follicular; Myasthenia gravis; Mediastinal diseases.

 


Internal thoracic artery injury caused by chest tube: a case report

Lesão da artéria torácica interna por dreno torácico: relato de caso

Fernando Luiz Westphal1, Luiz Carlos de Lima1, Marcelo Augusto Teixeira Fadul2

J Bras Pneumol.1998;24(6):382-384

Abstract PDF PT

The authors report a rare case of internal thoracic artery lesion caused by a chest tube in a patient under open drainage system treatment for empyema. The vessel rupture, leading the patient to hypovolemic shock and massive hemoptysis, was the indication for surgical intervention. They also emphasize the care with a thoracic drainage and the need for radiologic control.

 


Keywords: Thoracostomy. Internal thoracic artery. Chest tube.

 


Prevalence of pectus carinatum and pectus excavatum in students in the city of Manaus, Brazil

Prevalência de pectus carinatum e pectus excavatum em escolares de Manaus

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luiz Carlos de Lima, José Corrêia Lima Neto, Altair Rodrigues Chaves, Vítor Lazarini dos Santos Júnior, Brena Luize Cunha Ferreira

J Bras Pneumol.2009;35(3):221-226

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Objective: To determine the prevalence of congenital anterior chest wall deformities in 11- to 14-year-old students. Methods: Students participating in the study were recruited from public schools in the city of Manaus, Brazil. The statistically significant sample (precision, 1%; 95% CI) comprised 1,332 students. Pectus deformities were identified by physical examination of the chest, and the individuals with one of these deformities completed a questionnaire regarding heredity and symptoms resulting from the chest abnormality. Results: The mean age of the participants was 11.7 years. The prevalence of pectus abnormalities was 1.95% (pectus excavatum: 1.275%; pectus carinatum: 0.675%). Of the 26 students with a pectus deformity, 17 (65.4%) had pectus excavatum, and 18 (69.2%) were male. Concomitant scoliosis was observed in 3 cases (11.5%). A family history of pectus was reported by 17 students (65.4%), and 17 (65.4%) reported chest pain, dyspnea or palpitations. Conclusions: In this study, the prevalence of pectus deformities (1.95%) was lower than that reported in other studies conducted in Brazil (3.6-4.9%) but was higher than that reported in the literature (mean, 1%).

 


Keywords: Musculoskeletal abnormalities; Prevalence; Funnel chest.

 


Chest wall reconstruction with titanium plates after desmoid tumor resection

Reconstrução de parede torácica com placas de titânio após ressecção de tumor desmoide

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luís Carlos de Lima, José Corrêa Lima Netto, Stephany da Cunha Seelig, Katienne Frota de Lima

J Bras Pneumol.2014;40(2):-

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Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome resulting from pleural empyema

Síndrome de Claude Bernard-Horner associada ao empiema pleural

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luiz Carlos de Lima, Arteiro Queiroz Menezes, Dirany Leite Sacramento e Silva

J Bras Pneumol.2006;32(2):176-179

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Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome presents various etiologies and occurs as the direct result of interrupted nerve signaling at any point along the nerve trajectory, be it intrathoracic or extrathoracic. Herein, we report a case of Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome caused by loculated pleural empyema located in the paravertebral region of the upper third of the right hemithorax. The patient was submitted to thoracotomy in order to drain the infected fluids. The end result was satisfactory, including resolution of the infection, pulmonary expansion, and remission of the syndrome.

 


Keywords: Pleural empyema/complications; Horner syndrome/etiology; Blepharoptosis; Thoracotomy;

 


Traumatic late cardiac tamponade: analysis of five cases

Tamponamento cardíaco tardio traumático: análise de cinco casos

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luiz Carlos de Lima, Badwan Abdel Jaber

J Bras Pneumol.2000;26(5):-

Abstract PDF PT

Five traumatic late cardiac tamponade cases were analyzed. All patients were male, mean age was 26.2, victims of thoracic penetrating stabbing wound in the precordial region, Ziedler area, admitted to a trauma reference center. They were classified by the Ivatury physiological index for cardiac trauma. The first treatment approach was intercostal pleurectomy and volemic resuscitation followed by hemodynamic and respiratory recovery. Patients with cardiac tamponade symptoms were re-admitted within an interval from eight to twenty four days (mean 20 days) in a thoracic surgery service of a tertiary reference hospital. Diagnostic exams confirmed thickening and pericardial effusion associated with a left pulmonary base entrapment in four of the cases which were treated by posterolateral thoracotomy, including partial pericardiectomy and pulmonary decortication. One patient was diagnosed with purulent pericarditis by supplementary exams and underwent a subxiphoid pericardial drainage. Postoperative cardiac arrhythmia occurred in one patient but the others did not develop any complications and there were no tamponade recurrent cases.

 


Keywords: Cardiac tamponade. Penetrating wounds. Thoracic injuries. Diagnosis.

 


Surgical treatment of children with necrotizing pneumonia

Tratamento cirúrgico de crianças com pneumonia necrosante

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luís Carlos de Lima, José Corrêa Lima Netto, Eugênio Tavares, Edson de Oliveira Andrade, Márcia dos Santos da Silva

J Bras Pneumol.2010;36(6):716-723

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To describe the results of the surgical treatment of children with necrotizing pneumonia. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the medical charts of 20 children diagnosed with necrotizing pneumonia and submitted to surgical treatment between March of 1997 and September of 2008 in the thoracic surgery departments of two hospitals in the city of Manaus, Brazil. We compiled data regarding age, gender, etiologic agent, indications for surgery, type of surgical resection performed, and postoperative complications. Results: The mean age of the patients was 30 months. Of the 20 patients studied, 12 (60%) were female. The most common etiologic agents were Staphylococcus aureus, in 5 patients (25%), and Klebsiella sp., in 2 (10%). The indications for surgery were sepsis, in 16 patients (80%), and bronchopleural fistula, in 4 (20%). The types of surgical procedures performed were lobectomy, in 12 patients (60%), segmentectomy, in 7 (35%), and bilobectomy, in 1 (5%). There were 8 patients (40%) who also underwent decortication. The postoperative complications were as follows: bronchopleural fistula, in 4 patients (20%); empyema, in 1 (5%); pneumatocele, in 1 (5%); and phlebitis of the left arm, in 1 (5%). Four (20%) of the patients died. Conclusions: Surgical resection should be considered in patients with evidence of pulmonary necrosis. Resection is indicated in cases of severe sepsis, high output bronchopleural fistula, or acute respiratory failure that are refractory to clinical treatment.

 


Keywords: Pneumonia; Necrosis; Lung abscess; Empyema, pleural.

 


Surgical treatment of necrotizing pneumonia: analysis of four cases

Tratamento cirúrgico de pneumonia necrosante: análise de quatro casos

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luiz Carlos de Lima, Cyntia Almeida Ferreira, Maria Auxiliadora de Carvalho

J Bras Pneumol.2000;26(1):1-4

Abstract PDF PT

Necrotizing pneumonia is a serious complication of lobar pneumonia. Four children aged between ten months and three years were admitted with acute bacteremic pneumonia and developed sepsis, pleural effusion, and respiratory distress despite adequate antibiotic treatment and chest tube drainage. Decortication and pulmonary resection were performed in all of them. The observed complications were bronchopleural fistula and one death. The emergency pulmonary resection is indicated when pulmonary necrosis is associated to sepsis and massive bronchopleural fistula. In such circumstances, morbidity and mortality are higher than in other conditions.

 


Keywords: staphylococcal pneumonia; thoracotomy; lung, surgery

 


Carcinoid tumor and pulmonary sequestration

Tumor carcinoide e sequestro pulmonar

Fernando Luiz Westphal, Luís Carlos de Lima, José Corrêa Lima Netto, Maria do Socorro Lucena Cardoso, Márcia dos Santos da Silva, Danielle Cristine Westphal

J Bras Pneumol.2012;38(1):133-137

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Pulmonary sequestration is defined as a mass of lung tissue separated from the tracheobronchial tree and irrigated by an anomalous systemic artery. It is rarely seen in conjunction with lung neoplasms. We report the case of a 39-year-old female patient diagnosed with a carcinoid tumor, located in the intermediate bronchus and accompanied by bronchiectasis in the right lower lobe. The patient underwent thoracotomy for the resection of the affected area. During surgery, she presented with significant hemorrhage resulting from the transection of the anomalous artery that irrigated an intralobar pulmonary sequestration, which was located in right lower lobe and had not been identified in pre-operative examinations.

 


Keywords: Bronchopulmonary sequestration; Hemorrhage; Carcinoid tumor.

 


 

 


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