Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Comparison among pulmonary function test results, the Shwachman-Kulczycki score and the Brasfield score in patients with cystic fibrosis

Comparação entre provas de função pulmonar, escore de Shwachman‑Kulczycki e escore de Brasfield em pacientes com fibrose cística

Ivanice Duarte Freire, Fernando Antônio de Abreu e Silva, Manuel Ângelo de Araújo

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(5):280-287

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To study correlations among pulmonary function, chest radiology and clinical status in cystic fibrosis. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate chest X-rays and clinical charts of patients treated at the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. Spirometry findings, Shwachman-Kulczycki (S-K) scores and Brasfield scores were analyzed. Results: The final sample consisted of 40 patients (mean age 9.72 ± 3.27). The following mean S-K scores were obtained: total, 80.87 ± 10.24; general activity, 24.75 ± 1.1; physical examination, 18.87 ± 4.59; nutrition, 21.87 ± 4.18; radiology, 15.37 ± 5.23. The mean Brasfield score was 18.2 ± 4. The pulmonary function test results, in percentage of predicted, were as follows: forced vital capacity (FVC), 82.99 ± 14.36%; forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), 83.62 ± 18.26%; and forced expiratory flow between 25 and 75% of FVC (FEF25-75), 74.63 ± 2.53%. The S-K score correlated moderately with FVC, whereas it correlated strongly with FEV1 and FEF25-75. The Brasfield score correlated strongly with the S-K total and radiology score, whereas it correlated moderately with pulmonary function. Physical examination correlated moderately with FVC, FEV1 and FEF25-75; as did nutrition with FEF25-75; and radiology with FEV1 and FEF25-75. General activity was the domain that had the greatest influence on the total S-K score. Conclusions: These two scoring systems are complementary, correlating with each other, as well as with pulmonary function tests. The radiology domain of the S-K scoring system is a good alternative to the Brasfield score.

 


Keywords: Cystic fibrosis; Spirometry; Lung/radiography.

 


 

 


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