Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713


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Analysis of hospitalizations for respiratory diseases in Tangará da Serra, Brazil

Análise das internações por doenças respiratórias em Tangará da Serra - Amazônia Brasileira

Antonia Maria Rosa, Eliane Ignotti, Sandra de Souza Hacon, Hermano Albuquerque de Castro

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(8):575-582

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To analyze hospitalizations for respiratory diseases among children under 15 years of age in an area with high levels of environmental pollution. Methods: A cross-sectional study of hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases of patients residing in the city of Tangará da Serra, located in the state of Mato Grosso (Brazilian Amazon region), from 2000 to 2005. Data on hospital admissions were obtained from the Brazilian Unified Health Care System and from Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics population estimates. Results: In 2005, the rate of hospitalization for respiratory diseases among children under 15 years of age in the microregion of Tangará da Serra was 70.1/1,000 children. Between 2000 and 2005, there were 12,777 such admissions, of which 8,142 (63.7%) were for respiratory diseases. During the dry season (May to October), the rate of admissions for respiratory diseases was 10% higher than during the rainy season (November to April). The principal causes of admission included pneumonia (90.7%) and respiratory insufficiency (8.5%). Admissions of children under 5 years of age for pneumonia were 4 times the expected number for the city. Children under 12 months of age were the most frequently hospitalized, with an average increase of 32.4 admissions per 1,000 children per year. Conclusions: Tangará da Serra presented a high number of pediatric admissions for respiratory diseases. Therefore, it is logical to consider it a priority area for investigation and monitoring of the environmental risk factors for such diseases.


Keywords: Respiratory tract diseases; Pneumonia; Hospitalization; Climate; Air pollution/Brazil.


Immunoglobulins, complements and autoantibodies in 58 workers exposed to silica

Estudo de imunoglobulinas, complementos e auto-anticorpos em 58 trabalhadores expostos à sílica

Hermano Albuquerque de Castro, Carolina Gimenes da Silva, Alfred Lemle

J Bras Pneumol.2004;30(3):201-206

Abstract PDF PT

Background: The primary work-related lung disease in Brazil is silicosis. Its pathogenic agent is the dust of crystalline free silica (SiO2; silicon dioxide). The inflammatory process of silicosis is not yet well understood. Objective: To analyze, through immunologic laboratory evaluation, including nonspecific and specific immunity, the profile of IgG, IgM, IgA, C3, C4 and autoantibodies in the serum of workers, with or without silicosis, exposed to silica. Methods: Fifty-eight male workers were studied. All had been exposed to silica. Immunologic, radiologic and functional evaluations were made. The immunoglobulins IgG, IgA, and IgM, the complement system components C3 and C4, and the autoantibodies were assessed. Results: Chest X-rays were normal in 20 of the 58 workers and compatible with silicosis in 38. Among the 38 who were positive, IgG values were, on average, higher than in the group with normal X-rays (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in average values of IgA, IgM, C3 or C4 (p > 0.05). The percentage of autoantibody positivity was higher in the silicosis group than in the group with normal X-rays. Conclusion: The increased levels of IgG in patients with silicosis constitutes an important discovery. It may represent continuity of the granulomatous reaction, even when the individual is no longer being exposed to silica. However, further studies are necessary in order to increase understanding of the mechanism involved in the silicosis immunologic process.


Keywords: Lung diseases. Silicosis. Occupational diseases. Immunoglobulins


Mortality due to pneumoconioses in macro regions of Brazil in the 1979-1998 period

Mortalidade por pneumoconioses nas macrorregiões do Brasil no período de 1979-1998

Hermano Albuquerque de Castro, Genésio Vicentin, Kellen Cristina Xavier Pereira

J Bras Pneumol.2003;29(2):82-88

Abstract PDF PT

Pneumoconioses make up a group of lung diseases related to exposure to mineral dusts in work environments. This is a public health problem as such diseases could have already been eradicated in Brazil with the use of control measures in such environments. The aim in this paper was to map the distribution of deaths due to pneumoconioses in the different Brazilian geographical areas and states through an ecological survey carried out among the working population older than 15 years. The preliminary results of this investigation in the Brazilian macro regions in the period from 1979 to 1998 are presented. This study used mortality data from the Mortality Information System of Datasus - Data Processing Department of the Unified Health System, including codes from International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 9 and ICD 10. The results showed an increase of the coefficient of deaths due to pneumoconioses per 1 million inhabitants per year throughout this period. The shift from ICD 9 to ICD 10 showed an increase in the frequency of deaths, which was twice as high. As a conclusion, the coefficients of deaths due to pneumoconiosis does not describe this problem adequately, thus obscuring the transcendence and magnitude of the disease. To obtain more representative indicators it is necessary to know the population really exposed and the territorial distribution of the disease.


Prevalence of asthma in children and adolescents in a city in the Brazilian Amazon region

Prevalência de asma em escolares e adolescentes em um município na região da Amazônia brasileira

Antonia Maria Rosa, Eliane Ignotti, Sandra de Souza Hacon, Hermano Albuquerque de Castro

J Bras Pneumol.2009;35(1):7-13

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To analyze the prevalence of asthma and asthma symptoms in students of two distinct age brackets residing in the city of Tangará da Serra, Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional, population-based study of the prevalence of asthma in children from 6 to 7 years of age and adolescents from 13 to 14, using the standardized International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, phase 1 questionnaire, validated for use in Brazil. Students who responded affirmatively to question 2 (presence of wheezing in the preceding 12 months) were classified as suffering from asthma. Results: The study comprised 3,362 students, of whom 1,634 (48.6%) were children and 1,728 (51.4%) were adolescents. Of the 1,634 children, 816 (49.9%) were male and 818 (50.1%) were female. Of the 1,728 adolescents, 773 (45.0%) were male and 955 (55.0%) were female. The prevalence of asthma among the children was 25.2%, whereas that among the adolescents was 15.9% (χ2 = 8.34; p = 0.00). The children presented higher prevalences of the following symptoms of asthma than did the adolescents: wheezing ever (54.3%), nocturnal dry cough (43.9%), wheezing in the preceding 12 months (25.2%), and from 1 to 3 attacks of wheezing in the preceding 12 months (19.1%). There were no differences between the two groups regarding physician-diagnosed asthma (approximately 4.5%). There were no statistical differences regarding the prevalence of asthma by gender in the two groups. Conclusions: Tangará da Serra has a high prevalence of asthma in children and adolescents, and this result is compatible with other studies carried out in Brazil and Latin America using the same methodology.


Keywords: Asthma/epidemiology; Child; Adolescent.




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