Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713


Publication continuous and bimonthly

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Guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of compensatory hyperhidrosis

Diretrizes para a prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento da hiperidrose compensatória

Roberto de Menezes Lyra, José Ribas Milanez de Campos, Davi Wen Wei Kang, Marcelo de Paula Loureiro, Marcos Bessa Furian, Mário Gesteira Costa, Marlos de Souza Coelho

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(11):967-977

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

With the objective of establishing guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of compensatory hyperhidrosis, consensus meetings were held. Attendees included a general surgeon and thoracic surgeons affiliated with the Brazilian Society of Thoracic Surgery. The topics addressed were those that would ostensibly broaden multidisciplinary knowledge. Based on recent guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis and (clinical and surgical) treatment of compensatory hyperhidrosis, as well as on a review of the medical literature, the participants prepared a preliminary text, whose recommendations were revised and subsequently approved by all of the participants. The consensus text was posted on the Internet, becoming the object of further corrections and revisions prior to taking on its present form.


Keywords: Hyperhidrosis/therapy; Hyperhidrosis/surgery; Sympathectomy/methods; Postoperative complications; Thoracic surgery, video‑assisted.


Sclerosing mediastinitis in the differential diagnosis of mediastinal tumors

Mediastinite esclerosante no diagnóstico diferencial de tumores mediastinais

Davi Wen Wei Kang, Mauro Canzian, Ricardo Beyruti, Fábio Biscegli Jatene

J Bras Pneumol.2006;32(1):78-83

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Sclerosing mediastinitis is a rare disorder characterized by an extensive fibrotic reaction involving the mediastinum. Due to the compression or invasion of mediastinal structures, the disorder mimics neoplasia. We present three cases of superior vena cava syndrome in which sclerosing mediastinitis was confirmed. The pathophysiological process is related to enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes, fibroblast proliferation and collagen deposition. The main causes of sclerosing mediastinitis are histoplasmosis and tuberculosis, both of which are prevalent in Brazil. It is difficult to make an accurate histopathological diagnosis using minimally invasive methods, and there is no effective treatment for this condition. In order to make a definitive diagnosis and resolve the aerodigestive tract obstruction, exploratory surgery is indicated.


Keywords: Mediastinitis/physiopathology; Mediastinum; Pulmonary fibrosis; Mediastinal neoplasms; Diagnosis, differential; Case reports [Publication type].


Authors' reply: "Surgical treatment of pleural empyema in children".

Resposta dos autores : "O tratamento cirúrgico do empiema pleural em crianças".

Davi Wen Wei Kang, José Ribas Milanez de Campos

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(7):-

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Thoracoscopy in the treatment of pleural empyema in pediatric patients

Toracoscopia no tratamento do empiema pleural em pacientes pediátricos

Davi Wen Wei Kang, José Ribas Milanez de Campos, Laert de Oliveira Andrade Filho, Fabiano Cataldi Engel, Alexandre Martins Xavier, Maurício Macedo, Karine Meyer

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(4):205-211

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To evaluate the results of thoracoscopy for the treatment of pleural empyema in pediatric patients. Methods: A retrospective study of 117 patients who underwent mediastinoscopy or video-assisted thoracoscopy for pleural empyema treatment. General anesthesia and single-lumen oral intubation were used. Surgery was indicated when there was pleural effusion and no clinical and radiological response to clinical treatment (antibiotics, physiotherapy and thoracocentesis) or severe sepsis, together with loculated pleural effusion (confirmed through ultrasound or computed tomography of the chest). Results: Between February of 1983 and July of 2006, 117 thoracoscopies were performed in patients ranging in age from 5 months to 17 years (mean, 4 years). Mean time for thoracic drainage was 9 days (range, 2-33 days), and mean period of hospitalization was 16.4 days (range, 4 to 49 days). One patient (0.8%) died after surgery, and persistent fistula was observed in 33 patients (28%). In 7 cases (6%), open thoracotomy with pulmonary decortication was performed due to the disposition of the empyema. Conclusions: Management of pleural empyema in this age bracket is still controversial, and surgical indication is often delayed, particularly when there are multiple loculations or severe sepsis. Early thoracoscopy yields a better clinical outcome for pediatric patients with pleural empyema, with apparent decreased morbidity and mortality, earlier chest tube removal, earlier hospital discharge and improved response to antibiotic therapy.


Keywords: Empyema, pleural; Pediatrics/instrumentation; Thoracoscopy; Thoracic surgery, video-assisted.




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