Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Early prognosis of acute asthma in the emergency room

Avaliação prognóstica precoce da asma aguda na sala de emergência

Deise Marcela Piovesan, Diego Milan Menegotto, Suzie Kang, Eduardo Franciscatto, Thaís Millan, Cristine Hoffmann, Lílian Rech Pasin, Josiane Fischer, Sérgio Saldanha Menna Barreto, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin

J Bras Pneumol.2006;32(1):1-9

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To evaluate clinical and pulmonary function measurements taken in the first fifteen minutes of the assessment of acute asthma in the emergency room and used for prognostic purposes. Methods: A prospective cohort study involving consecutive patients with acute asthma. Only patients who were between the ages of 12 and 55 and presented peak expiratory flow rates < or = 50% of predicted were included. Evaluations were performed upon admission, then again at 15 minutes and 4 hours after the initiation of treatment. Treatment included albuterol and ipratropium delivered by metered-dose inhaler with a spacer, together with 100 mg of intravenous hydrocortisone. Favorable outcomes were defined as peak expiratory flow > or = 50% of predicted after 4 hours of treatment, and unfavorable outcomes were defined as peak expiratory flow < 50% after 4 hours of treatment. Results: Favorable outcomes were seen in 27 patients, and unfavorable outcomes were seen in 24 patients. In the multivariate analysis, peak expiratory flow as percentage of predicted was identified as the variable with the highest predictive value. A peak expiratory flow > or = 40% after 15 minutes of treatment showed significant power in predicting a favorable outcome (sensitivity = 0.74, specificity = 1.00, and positive predictive value = 1.00). A peak expiratory flow < 30% after 15 minutes of treatment was predictive of a poor outcome (sensitivity = 0.54, specificity = 0.93, and positive predictive value = 0.87). Conclusion: Our results suggest that measuring peak expiratory flow after 15 minutes of management in the emergency room is a useful tool for predicting outcomes in cases of acute asthma.

 


Keywords: Asthma; Acute disease; Respiratory mechanics; Prognosis; Emergency Service, Hospital; Cohort studies

 


Incidence of viral infection of the respiratory tract in acute asthma patients treated in the emergency room

Incidência de infecção viral do trato respiratório em asma aguda atendida em sala de emergência

Ivete Terezinha Machado da Rocha, Diego Menegotto, Cristine Feliciati Hoffmann, Sergio Saldanha Menna-Barreto, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin, Selir Maria Straliotto, Suzie Hyona Kang, Lilian Rech Pasin, Josiane Fischer, Fabiane Nieto

J Bras Pneumol.2005;31(5):382-389

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To evaluate the incidence of viral infection in patients with acute asthma treated in the emergency room. Methods: We conducted a cohort study of patients aged 12 and older presenting to the emergency room of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre with acute asthma. Nasopharyngeal aspirate was collected, and antigens were detected through indirect immunofluorescence staining for respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus and influenza, as well as for parainfluenza types 1, 2, 3 and 4. Data were collected regarding demographic characteristics, medical history, the attack that led to the current emergency room visit, and clinical outcomes. Results: From March to July of 2004, 49 patients were examined for viral infection of the respiratory tract. Respiratory viruses were identified in 6 patients (3 with adenovirus, 2 with influenza A, 1 with parainfluenza type 1). The mean age of the patients with viral infection of the respiratory tract was 61.7 ± 11.5 years, compared with 41.7 ± 20.9 years for the patients without such infection (p = 0.027). There were no other significant differences in clinical characteristics or outcomes. Conclusion: The incidence of viral infection of the respiratory tract in acute asthma patients 12 years and older treated in an emergency room was 12.2%, which confirms that viral infection is a significant precipitant of acute asthma for patients in this age bracket.

 


Keywords: Emergency Service, Hospital; Vírus diseases/prevention & control; Asthma; Respiratory tract infections; Influenza A virus, human

 


 

 


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