Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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High-resolution computed tomography patterns of diffuse interstitial lung disease with clinical and pathological correlation

Padrões tomográficos das doenças intersticiais pulmonares difusas com correlação clínica e patológica

Brett Elicker, Carlos Alberto de Castro Pereira, Richard Webb, Kevin O. Leslie

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(9):715-744

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is the radiological imaging technique best suited to revealing changes in lung structure. Various HRCT findings, taken together, can represent typical patterns. These patterns, in conjunction with the anatomical distribution of findings and with clinical data, can narrow the differential diagnosis of diffuse interstitial lung disease and, in many cases, indicate the correct diagnosis with a high degree of accuracy. The most common HRCT patterns seen in cases of diffuse interstitial lung diseases are the nodular pattern, linear/reticular opacities, cystic lesions, ground-glass opacities and consolidations. This article reviews the correlations between HRCT patterns and pathologic findings, summarizing the most common causes, as well as detailing the methods of investigation employed in order to diagnose the most common types of chronic diffuse lung disease.

 


Keywords: Lung diseases, interstitial/pathology; Tomography, X-Ray computed; Diagnostic techniques, respiratory system.

 


 

 


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