Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713


Publication continuous and bimonthly

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Pleurodesis: future prospects

Pleurodese: perspectivas futuras

Francisco S. Vargas, Lisete R. Teixeira, Alípio O. Carmo, Evaldo Marchi, Marcelo Costa Vaz, Leila Antonangelo, Fábio B. Jatene

J Bras Pneumol.2000;26(6):307-312

Abstract PDF PT

This article addresses the evolution of pleurodesis since the beginning of the 20th century and defines the characteristics of the ideal sclerosing agent. Emphasis is placed on the current tendency towards minimally invasive procedures where insertion of catheters is usually given priority over certain surgical procedures such as placement of drains or thoracoscopy. Among the sclerosing drugs, talc is the one preferred throughout the world. However, the possible appearance of respiratory distress syndrome, which is sometimes fatal, caused the awakening of interest in other drugs. Anti neoplastic drugs do not induce a very efficient pleurodesis and still have the disadvantage of causing important side effects. Sodium hydroxide and silver nitrate produce effective pleurodesis. Both can be used in humans.


Keywords: Pleurodesis. Sclerosing solutions. Clinical procedures.


Pleurodesis: technique and indications

Pleurodese: técnica e indicações

Marcelo Costa Vaz, Evalo Marchi, Francisco Suso Vargas

J Bras Pneumol.2006;32(4):347-356

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Recurrent pleural effusion, which is commonly seen in clinical practice, compromises patient quality of life, especially in patients with advanced malignant disease. The therapeutic approach to the pleural space involves a wide range of techniques, including aggressive procedures such as pleurectomy. Among such techniques, pleurodesis is the most frequently used. Pleurodesis can be induced through the insertion of pleural catheters, as well as through major surgical procedures (such as thoracotomy). There are various recommended sclerosing agents, including talc (which is the most widely used), silver nitrate and, recently, proliferative cytokines. This article summarizes the principal approaches to the treatment of recurrent pleural effusion, pleurodesis in particular, addressing the indications for, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of, their application in daily pulmonology practice.


Keywords: Pleural effusion, malignant/prevention & control; Pleural neoplasms; Pleura/surgery; Pleurodesis/methods; Silver nitrate; Talc; Recurrence




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