Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713


Publication continuous and bimonthly

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Escarro induzido, recomendações do Programa de Controle de Tuberculose do Estado do Rio de Janeiro*

Marneili Martins, Eliane Dale Sucupira, Lísia M. R. de Freitas, Lia Selig, Eduardo Pamplona Bethlem Rodrigo Siqueira Batista

J Bras Pneumol.2004;30(6):591-592

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The role of academic associations in professional training

O papel das ligas acadêmicas na formação profissional

Mayara Lisboa Soares de Bastos, Anete Trajman, Eleny Guimarães Teixeira, Lia Selig, Márcia Teresa Carreira Teixeira Belo

J Bras Pneumol.2012;38(6):803-805

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Deaths attributed to tuberculosis in the state of Rio de Janeiro

Óbitos atribuídos à tuberculose no Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Lia Selig; Márcia Belo; Antônio Jose Ledo Alves da Cunha; Eleny Guimarães Teixeira; Rossana Brito; Ana Lucia Luna; Anete Trajman

J Bras Pneumol.2004;30(4):417-424

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Background: In 1998, tuberculosis incidence and mortality rates in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ) were the highest in Brazil. However, the RJ tuberculosis database (SINAN-TBRJ) has proven unreliable. Objective: To evaluate the current tuberculosis control program by analyzing tuberculosis-attributed deaths. Methods: Descriptive studies of the SINAN-TB-RJ and tuberculosis mortality (SIM-TB-RJ) databases were carried out. Both databases were linked using the Reclink program. A study based on medical records was performed in the five hospitals where the greatest numbers of tuberculosis deaths occurred. Results: In the SINAN-TB-RJ database, 16,567 cases were registered in adults (> 14 years of age). Pulmonary disease was present in 13,989 (84.5%), of whom 8223 (56.8%) presented sputum smears that were positive for acid fast bacilli. Anti-HIV testing, recommended for all patients with tuberculosis, was performed in only 4141 (25%) of tuberculosis cases. The SIM-TB-RJ database showed 1146 deaths that were attributed to tuberculosis. Only 478 (41.7%) of those had been reported to the health care system (SINAN-TB-RJ). Among the 302 medical records analyzed, 154 (50.9%)recorded hospitalizations of up to 10 days and 143 (47.3%) had respiratory symptoms for more than 60 days before diagnosis. Among 125 cases of retreatment, the RHZE regimen recommended by the Brazilian Ministry of Health was prescribed for only 43 (34.4%). Conclusion: This study demonstrates weakness in the RJ tuberculosis control program, characterized by delayed diagnosis, limited use of the recommended tests, poor reporting, and non-compliance with the Ministry of Health guidelines.


Keywords: Tuberculosis. Epidemiology. Program Evaluation


Tuberculosis and gender in a priority city in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Tuberculose e gênero em um município prioritário no estado do Rio de Janeiro

Márcia Teresa Carreira Teixeira Belo, Ronir Ragio Luiz, Christy Hanson, Lia Selig, Eleny Guimarães Teixeira, Thiago Chalfoun, Anete Trajman

J Bras Pneumol.2010;36(5):621-625

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The objective of this study was to compare gender differences among tuberculosis patients in a city with a high incidence of tuberculosis. This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study involving 560 tuberculosis patients (373 males and 187 females). Sociodemographic and clinical data, as well as data related to diagnostic criteria and treatment outcome, were collected (from the questionnaires and medical records) and subsequently compared between the genders. The median time from symptom onset to diagnosis was 90 days. There were no differences between the genders regarding the clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria, previous noncompliance with treatment, time from symptom onset, number of medical appointments prior to diagnosis, or treatment outcome. Gender-specific approaches are not a priority in Brazil. However, regardless of patient gender, the delay in diagnosis is a major concern.


Keywords: Poverty; Tuberculosis; Income.




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