Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Usefulness of chest CT in the diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration

A utilidade da TC de tórax no diagnóstico do sequestro pulmonar

José Gustavo Pugliese, Thiago Prudente Bártholo, Heron Teixeira Andrade dos Santos, Eduardo Haruo Saito, Cláudia Henrique da Costa, Rogério Rufino

J Bras Pneumol.2010;36(2):260-264

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital anomaly, characterized by nonfunctional embryonic pulmonary tissue. Pulmonary sequestration accounts for 0.15-6.40% of all congenital pulmonary malformations. This anomaly, which is classified as intralobar or extralobar, involves the lung parenchyma and its vascularization. We report the case of a 56-year-old male presenting with hemoptysis. A chest X-ray showed an area of opacity behind the cardiac silhouette in the base of the left hemithorax. Chest CT scans with intravenous contrast revealed pulmonary sequestration. The patient underwent surgery, in which the anomalous tissue was successful resected. The postoperative evolution was favorable, and the patient was discharged to outpatient treatment.

 


Keywords: Hemoptysis; Bronchopulmonary sequestration; Tomography, spiral computed.

 


Alveolar adenoma

Adenoma alveolar

Eduardo Haruo Saito, Luciana Ribeiro de Araújo, Leonardo Hoehl Carneiro, Antonio Ambrosio de Oliveira Neto, João Carlos Corrêa, Luiz Sérgio Carvalho Teixeira

J Bras Pneumol.2006;32(3):-

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Alveolar adenoma is a rare benign neoplasm of the lungs, and very few cases have been described in the literature. Patients with alveolar adenoma are frequently asymptomatic and are diagnosed through the accidental discovery of a singular, well-delineated nodule on a routine chest X-ray. The definitive diagnosis is made histologically, and the treatment consists of surgical resection of the nodule..

 


Keywords: Adenoma; Lung neoplasms; Pulmonary alveoli/pathology; Coin lesion, pulmonary;

 


Quantitative assessment of elastic fibers in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Avaliação quantitativa das fibras elásticas na doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica

Rogerio Rufino, Kalil Madi, Heitor Siffert Pereira de Souza, Cláudia Henrique da Costa, Eduardo Haruo Saito, José Roberto Lapa e Silva

J Bras Pneumol.2007;33(5):502-509

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To quantify elastic fibers (EFs) and smooth muscle (SM) cells, as well as CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes, in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Surgical specimens were obtained from 15 COPD patients, 18 smokers without airflow limitation, and 14 nonsmokers. Histological and immunohistochemical methods were employed in order to quantify EFs, SM cells, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells. Results: There was no significant difference in EF numbers among the three groups (p > 0.05). The number of EFs per unit area of lung tissue (mm2) and the percentage of EFs in the lung tissue were similar among the three groups. The numbers of SM cells were found to be higher in the COPD patients than in the smokers (p = 0.003) or in the nonsmokers (p = 0.009). There was a tendency toward an increase in CD8+ T-cell counts in the COPD patients. In specimens collected from the COPD patients, CD4+ T-cell counts were lower than in those collected from the smokers (p = 0.015) or from the nonsmokers (p = 0.003). There was a weak correlation between CD4+ T-cell count and the ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity (r2 = 0.003). Conclusions: The EF counts were similar among the three groups. Hypertrophy/hyperplasia of airway wall SM cells was found in the COPD patients and in the smokers, indicating that airway remodeling occurs in smokers. The CD4/CD8 ratio was lower in the COPD patients.

 


Keywords: Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive; CD4 Lymphocyte Count; Elastic tissue; Muscle, smooth.

 


Results and complications of CT-guided transthoracic fine-needle aspiration biopsy of pulmonary lesions

Biópsia aspirativa transtorácica por agulha fina guiada por TC de lesões pulmonares: resultados e complicações

Cristiano Dias de Lima, Rodolfo Acatauassu Nunes, Eduardo Haruo Saito, Cláudio Higa, Zanier José Fernando Cardona, Denise Barbosa dos Santos

J Bras Pneumol.2011;37(2):209-216

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To analyze the cytological findings of CT-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsies of the lung, to demonstrate the diagnostic feasibility of the method in the investigation of pulmonary lesions, and to determine the complications of the procedure, evaluating its safety. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 89 patients with various types of pulmonary lesions who underwent 97 procedures over a period of five years. The patients were divided into groups regarding the indication for the procedure: suspicion of primary lung cancer (stages IIIB or IV); suspicion of lung cancer (stages I, II, or IIIA) and clinical contraindications for surgery; suspicion of pulmonary metastasis from other organs; and pulmonary lesions with benign radiological aspect. All of the procedures were performed with 25-gauge needles and were guided by spiral CT. The final diagnosis was confirmed by surgical biopsy and clinical/oncological follow-up. For the analysis of complications, the total number of procedures was considered. Results: The main indication for the procedure was suspicion of advanced-stage primary lung cancer. The accuracy of the method for malignant lesions was 91.5%. The lesion was confirmed as cancer in 73% of the patients. The major complication was pneumothorax (27.8%), which required chest tube drainage in 12.4% of the procedures. Conclusions: The principal indication for CT-guided fine-needle biopsy was suspicion of primary lung cancer in patients who were not surgical candidates. The procedure has high diagnostic feasibility for malignant pulmonary diseases. The most prevalent complication was pneumothorax. However, in most cases, chest tube drainage was unnecessary. No deaths were related to the procedure.

 


Keywords: Biopsy, fine-needle; Tomography, spiral computed; Lung neoplasms; Pneumothorax.

 


Extended thymectomy through video assisted thoracic surgery and cervicotomy in the treatment of myasthenia

Timectomia estendida por cirurgia torácica videoassistida e cervicotomia no tratamento da miastenia

Eduardo Haruo Saito, Cláudio Higa, Rodolfo Acatauassu Nunes, Gérson C. Magalhães, Luiz Carlos Aguiar Vaz, Vicente Faria Cervante

J Bras Pneumol.2003;29(5):273-279

Abstract PDF PT

Background: The relationship between myasthenia and the thymus is evident and the current treatment of this condition includes thymectomy. However, a revision of our experience with thymectomy has revealed the necessity of a more radical technique. Objective: To analyze, retrospectively, myasthenia gravis patients who underwent videothoracoscopic radical thymectomy, emphasizing the advantages and drawbacks of the methodology, pathological findings and results related to disease control. Material and methods: Twenty-one myasthenic patients (18 females and 3 males, aged 17 to 51 years), underwent videothoracoscopic bilateral thymectomy associated to transverse cervicotomy for removal of the thymus gland and surrounding tissues, and right and left pericardiac fat tissues. Those tissues were separately sent to pathology analysis. The mean time of follow-up was 39.2 months. Results: There were no intra-operative deaths. Two patients (9.5%) suffered vascular injury, and one patient (4.8%) presented a low level permanent dysphonia. Nineteen patients (90.4%) are doing well, with none or low dose medications. Pathology studies showed 10 hyperplastic thymuses, 6 with involution and 5 with normal aspect. Ectopic thymic tissue was found in six patients (28.6%). Conclusion: Videothoracoscopic radical thymectomy offered a good control of myasthenia gravis. Additionally, ectopic thymus tissue was removed from some patients.

 


Keywords: Thorax. Surgery, video-assisted. Myastenia gravis. Thymectomy.

 


 

 


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