Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Applicability of the London Chest Activity of Daily Living scale in patients on the waiting list for lung transplantation

Aplicabilidade da escala London Chest Activity of Daily Living em pacientes em lista de espera para transplante de pulmão

Jocimar Prates Muller, Patrícia Ayres Guterres Gonçalves, Fabrício Farias da Fontoura, Rita Mattiello, Juliessa Florian

J Bras Pneumol.2013;39(1):92-97

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Resumo

Objetivo: Avaliar a aplicabilidade da escala London Chest Activity of Daily Living (LCADL), em pacientes em lista de transplante pulmonar. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 26 pacientes em lista de espera para transplante de pulmão, de ambos os sexos, entre maio e setembro de 2010 tratados no Programa de Reabilitação Pulmonar, Complexo Hospitalar Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Porto Alegre, em Porto Alegre, RS. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6) e a teste de função pulmonar e foram obtidos os escores das escalas LCADL e de Borg modificada para dispneia e fadiga das pernas. O teste alfa de Cronbach foi utilizado para verificar a consistência interna da escala LCADL. A análise de regressão linear foi utilizada para identificar associações entre o escore total em porcentagem da escala LCADL e as variáveis estudadas. Resultados: Segundo os resultados da LCADL, 69% dos pacientes indicaram que suas atividades de vida diária são muito comprometidas pela dispnéia. A consistência interna da escala LCADL foi de 0,89. Houve associações negativas estatisticamente significativas entre o escore total da escala LCADL e distância percorrida no TC6 (β = −0,087; p < 0,001) e trabalho realizado no TC6 (β = −0,285; p < 0,001), quando os dados foram ajustados por idade e VEF1. Conclusões: Esses achados sugerem que a escala LCADL é um instrumento útil para avaliar o desempenho funcional dos pacientes em listas de transplante pulmonar.

 


Palavras-chave: Atividades cotidianas; Transplante de pulmão; Dispneia.

 


Evaluating bronchodilator response in pediatric patients with post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans: use of different criteria for identifying airway reversibility

Avaliação da resposta ao broncodilatador em pacientes pediátricos com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa: uso de diferentes critérios de identificação de reversibilidade das vias aéreas

Rita Mattiello1, Paula Cristina Vidal2, Edgar Enrique Sarria3, Paulo Márcio Pitrez1, Renato Tetelbom Stein1, Helena Teresinha Mocelin4, Gilberto Bueno Fischer4, Marcus Herbert Jones1, Leonardo Araújo Pinto1

J Bras Pneumol.2016;42(3):174-178

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) is a clinical entity that has been classified as constrictive, fixed obstruction of the lumen by fibrotic tissue. However, recent studies using impulse oscillometry have reported bronchodilator responses in PIBO patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate bronchodilator responses in pediatric PIBO patients, comparing different criteria to define the response. Methods: We evaluated pediatric patients diagnosed with PIBO and treated at one of two pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinics in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Spirometric parameters were measured in accordance with international recommendations. Results: We included a total of 72 pediatric PIBO patients. The mean pre- and post-bronchodilator values were clearly lower than the reference values for all parameters, especially FEF25‑75%. There were post-bronchodilator improvements. When measured as mean percent increases, FEV1 and FEF25-75%, improved by 11% and 20%, respectively. However, when the absolute values were calculated, the mean FEV1 and FEF25-75% both increased by only 0.1 L. We found that age at viral aggression, a family history of asthma, and allergy had no significant effects on bronchodilator responses. Conclusions: Pediatric patients with PIBO have peripheral airway obstruction that is responsive to treatment but is not completely reversible with a bronchodilator. The concept of PIBO as fixed, irreversible obstruction does not seem to apply to this population. Our data suggest that airway obstruction is variable in PIBO patients, a finding that could have major clinical implications.

 


Keywords: Bronchiolitis obliterans; Infection/complications; Airway obstruction; Bronchodilator agents.

 


Growth, lung function, and physical activity in schoolchildren who were very-low-birth-weight preterm infants

Crescimento, função pulmonar e atividade física em escolares nascidos prematuros e com muito baixo peso

Aline Dill Winck1,2, João Paulo Heinzmann-Filho3, Deise Schumann4, Helen Zatti4, Rita Mattiello3,5, Marcus Herbert Jones3,5, Renato Tetelbom Stein3,

J Bras Pneumol.2016;42(4):254-260

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Objective: To compare somatic growth, lung function, and level of physical activity in schoolchildren who had been very-low-birth-weight preterm infants (VLBWPIs) or normal-birth-weight full-term infants. Methods: We recruited two groups of schoolchildren between 8 and 11 years of age residing in the study catchment area: those who had been VLBWPIs (birth weight < 1,500 g); and those who had been normal-birth-weight full-term infants (controls, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g). Anthropometric and spirometric data were collected from the schoolchildren, who also completed a questionnaire regarding their physical activity. In addition, data regarding the perinatal and neonatal period were collected from the medical records of the VLBWPIs. Results: Of the 93 schoolchildren screened, 48 and 45 were in the VLBWPI and control groups, respectively. No significant differences were found between the groups regarding anthropometric characteristics, nutritional status, or pulmonary function. No associations were found between perinatal/neonatal variables and lung function parameters in the VLBWPI group. Although the difference was not significant, the level of physical activity was slightly higher in the VLBWPI group than in the control group. Conclusions: Among the schoolchildren evaluated here, neither growth nor lung function appear to have been affected by prematurity birth weight, or level of physical activity.

 


Keywords: Premature birth; Birth weight; Respiratory function tests; Motor activity; Pediatrics.

 


Lack of association between viral load and severity of acute bronchiolitis in infants

Falta de associação entre carga viral e gravidade da bronquiolite aguda em lactentes

Ana Paula Duarte de Souza, Lidiane Alves de Azeredo Leitão, Fernanda Luisi, Rodrigo Godinho Souza, Sandra Eugênia Coutinho, Jaqueline Ramos da Silva, Rita Mattiello, Paulo Márcio Condessa Pitrez, Renato Tetelbom Stein, Leonardo Araújo Pinto

J Bras Pneumol.2016;42(4):261-265

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Objective: To investigate the correlation between respiratory syncytial viral load and length of hospitalization in infants with acute wheezing episodes. Methods: This was a two-year, cross-sectional study of infants ≤ 12 months of age with bronchiolitis at the time of admission to a tertiary hospital. For the identification of respiratory viruses, nasopharyngeal secretions were collected. Samples were analyzed (throughout the study period) by direct immunofluorescence and (in the second year of the study) by quantitative real-time PCR. We screened for three human viruses: rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and metapneumovirus. Results: Of 110 samples evaluated by direct immunofluorescence, 56 (50.9%) were positive for a single virus, and 16 (14.5%) were positive for two or more viruses. Among those 72 samples, the most prevalent virus was respiratory syncytial virus, followed by influenza. Of 56 samples evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR, 24 (42.8%) were positive for a single virus, and 1 (1.7%) was positive for two viruses. Among those 25 samples, the most prevalent virus was again respiratory syncytial virus, followed by human rhinovirus. Coinfection did not influence the length of the hospital stay or other outcome s. In addition, there was no association between respiratory syncytial virus load and the length of hospitalization. Conclusions: Neither coinfection nor respiratory syncytial viral load appears to influence the outcomes of acute bronchiolitis in infants.

 


Keywords: Bronchiolitis; Coinfection; Viral load; Hospitalization; Respiratory syncytial virus, human.

 


Pulmonary function in children and adolescents with postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans

Função pulmonar de crianças e adolescentes com bronquiolite obliterante pós-infecciosa

Rita Mattiello, Javier Mallol, Gilberto Bueno Fischer, Helena Teresinha Mocelin, Belkys Rueda, Edgar Enrique Sarria

J Bras Pneumol.2010;36(4):-

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To describe the pulmonary function in children and adolescents with postinfectious bronchiolitis oblite­rans (PIBO), as well as to evaluate potential risk factors for severe impairment of pulmonary function. Methods: The pulmonary function of 77 participants, aged 8-18 years, was assessed by spirometry and plethysmography. The following parameters were analyzed: FVC; FEV1; FEF25-75%; FEV1/FVC; RV; TLC; RV/TLC; intrathoracic gas volume; and specific airway resistance (sRaw). We used Poisson regression to investigate the following potential risk factors for severe impairment of pulmonary function: gender; age at first wheeze; age at diagnosis; family history of asthma; tobacco smoke exposure; length of hospital stay; and duration of mechanical ventilation. Results: The mean age was 13.5 years. There were pronounced decreases in FEV1 and FEF25-75%, as well as increases in RV and sRaw. These alterations are characteristic of obstructive airway disease. For the parameters that were the most affected, the mean values (percentage of predicted) were as follows: FEV1 = 45.9%; FEF25-75% = 21.5%; RV = 281.1%; RV/TLC = 236.2%; and sRaw = 665.3%. None of the potential risk factors studied showed a significant association with severely impaired pulmonary function. Conclusions: The patients with PIBO had a common pattern of severe pulmonary function impairment, characterized by marked airway obstruction and pronounced increases in RV and sRaw. The combination of spirometric and plethysmographic measurements can be more useful for assessing functional damage, as well as in the follow-up of these patients, than are either of these techniques used in isolation. Known risk factors for respiratory diseases do not seem to be associated with severely impaired pulmonary function in PIBO.

 


Keywords: Respiratory function tests; Airway obstruction; Bronchiolitis obliterans

 


Impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on quality of life and functional capacity in patients on waiting lists for lung transplantation

Impacto da reabilitação pulmonar na qualidade de vida e na capacidade funcional de pacientes em lista de espera para transplante pulmonar

Juliessa Florian, Adalberto Rubin, Rita Mattiello, Fabrício Farias da Fontoura, José de Jesus Peixoto Camargo, Paulo Jose Zimermann Teixeira

J Bras Pneumol.2013;39(3):349-356

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To investigate the impact of a pulmonary rehabilitation program on the functional capacity and on the quality of life of patients on waiting lists for lung transplantation. Methods: Patients on lung transplant waiting lists were referred to a pulmonary rehabilitation program consisting of 36 sessions. Before and after the program, participating patients were evaluated with the six-minute walk test and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). The pulmonary rehabilitation program involved muscle strengthening exercises, aerobic training, clinical evaluation, psychiatric evaluation, nutritional counseling, social assistance, and educational lectures. Results: Of the 112 patients initially referred to the program, 58 completed it. The mean age of the participants was 46  14 years, and females accounted for 52%. Of those 58 patients, 37 (47%) had pulmonary fibrosis, 13 (22%) had pulmonary emphysema, and 18 (31%) had other types of advanced lung disease. The six-minute walk distance was significantly greater after the program than before (439 ± 114 m vs. 367 ± 136 m, p = 0.001), the mean increase being 72 m. There were significant point increases in the scores on the following SF-36 domains: physical functioning, up 22 (p = 0.001), role-physical, up 10 (p = 0.045); vitality, up 10 (p < 0.001); social functioning, up 15 (p = 0.001); and mental health, up 8 (p = 0.001). Conclusions: Pulmonary rehabilitation had a positive impact on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients on lung transplant waiting lists.

 


Keywords: Rehabilitation; Lung transplantation; Quality of life; Exercise; Exercise tolerance.

 


Prevalence of and risk factors for wheezing in the first year of life

Prevalência e fatores de risco para sibilância no primeiro ano de vida

João Antonio Bonfadini Lima, Gilberto Bueno Fischer, Edgar Enrique Sarria, Rita Mattiello, Dirceu Solé

J Bras Pneumol.2010;36(5):525-531

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Objective: To determine the prevalence of and the risk factors for wheezing in infants under one year of age and residing in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study and is part of a multicenter, multinational project. The parents or legal guardians of the infants were interviewed at primary health care clinics or during home visits. We used a standardized questionnaire, validated for use in Brazil. Potential risk factors were assessed by means of a Poisson regression model with robust variance estimation, using the Wald test to determine the significance of each variable in the model. Results: The sample comprised 1,013 infants. The majority of those were male (53%), and the mean age was 13.5 ± 1.2 months. In 61% of the infants, there had been at least one episode of wheezing, which had recurred at least three times in one third of those infants. The mean age at the first episode of wheezing was 5.16 months (median, 5 months). Over 40% of the infants with wheezing visited emergency rooms due to wheezing, and 17% of those were hospitalized at least once in the first year of life because of this symptom. In the multivariate analysis, the risk factors for wheezing were as follows: male gender; history of pneumonia; maternal smoking during pregnancy; day care center attendance; low maternal level of education; early weaning; multiple episodes of cold; first viral infection prior to 3 months of age; existence of siblings; and history of asthma in the nuclear family. Conclusions: The prevalence of wheezing is high among infants in the city of Porto Alegre. We identified various risk factors for wheezing in infants.

 


Keywords: Respiratory sounds/epidemiology; Asthma; Infant; Risk factors.

 


Field-test validation of the Brazilian version of the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire

Versão brasileira do Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire: validação de campo

Edgar Enrique Sarria, Rosana Cardoso Manique Rosa, Gilberto Bueno Fischer, Vânia Naomi Hirakata, Neusa Sica da Rocha, Rita Mattiello

J Bras Pneumol.2010;36(4):-

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To assess the psychometric properties of the official Brazilian Portuguese-language version of the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) in a representative group of Brazilian children and adolescents with asthma. Methods: A total of 125 individuals with asthma, aged 8-17 years and being monitored at a pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinic in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil, completed the PAQLQ. Validity was assessed by means of convergent validity (correlation between PAQLQ domains and those of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0. Reliability was assessed by determining internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient), reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient), sensitivity to change (effect size), and discriminatory power (floor/ceiling effects). Results: The mean age was 11 years, and 75 (60%) of the participants were male. The mean PAQLQ total score was 5.1, with floor/ceiling effects < 10%. Correlations between PAQLQ domains and the PedsQL 4.0 domains were acceptable (r = 0.37-0.40). The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the total score was 0.93, ranging from 0.72 to 0.88 for the domains. The overall effect size was 0.60 (range: 0.45-0.60), whereas the overall intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.80 (range: 0.66-0.79). Conclusions: The official Brazilian Portuguese-language version of the PAQLQ showed good psychometric performance, confirming its cultural adequacy for use in Brazil.

 


Keywords: Keywords: Quality of life; Asthma; Validation studies.

 


 

 


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