Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Update on the approach to smoking in patients with respiratory diseases

Atualização na abordagem do tabagismo em pacientes com doenças respiratórias

Maria Penha Uchoa Sales1,a, Alberto José de Araújo2,b, José Miguel Chatkin3,c, Irma de Godoy4,d, Luiz Fernando Ferreira Pereira5,e, Maria Vera Cruz de Oliveira Castellano6,f, Suzana Erico Tanni4,g, Adriana Ávila de Almeida7,h, Gustavo Chatkin3,i, Luiz Carlos Côrrea da Silva8,j, Cristina Maria Cantarino Gonçalves9,k, Clóvis Botelho12,13,l, Ubiratan Paula Santos14,m, Carlos Alberto de Assis Viegas15,n, Maristela Rodrigues Sestelo16,o, Ricardo Henrique Sampaio Meireles10,11,p, Paulo César Rodrigues Pinto Correa17,q, Maria Eunice Moraes de Oliveira18,r, Jonatas Reichert19,s, Mariana Silva Lima6,t, Celso Antonio Rodrigues da Silva20,u

J Bras Pneumol.2019;45(3):e20180314-e20180314

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Smoking is the leading cause of respiratory disease (RD). The harmful effects of smoking on the respiratory system begin in utero and influence immune responses throughout childhood and adult life. In comparison with "healthy" smokers, smokers with RD have peculiarities that can impede smoking cessation, such as a higher level of nicotine dependence; nicotine withdrawal; higher levels of exhaled carbon monoxide; low motivation and low self-efficacy; greater concern about weight gain; and a high prevalence of anxiety and depression. In addition, they require more intensive, prolonged treatment. It is always necessary to educate such individuals about the fact that quitting smoking is the only measure that will reduce the progression of RD and improve their quality of life, regardless of the duration and severity of the disease. Physicians should always offer smoking cessation treatment. Outpatient or inpatient smoking cessation treatment should be multidisciplinary, based on behavioral interventions and pharmacotherapy. It will thus be more effective and cost-effective, doubling the chances of success.

 


Keywords: Respiratory tract diseases/therapy; Respiratory tract diseases/drug therapy; Tobacco use disorder/epidemiology; Smoking cessation; Counseling; Lung neoplasms.

 


Assessing the severity and prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: is it still sufficient to measure FEV1 alone?

Avaliando a gravidade e o prognóstico da doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica: a medida do VEF1 ainda é suficiente?

Irma de Godoy

J Bras Pneumol.2007;33(4):23-24

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Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing migratory pneumonia (BOOP) after unilateral radiotherapy for breast carcinoma treatment

Bronquiolite obliterante com pneumonia organizante (BOOP) migratória após radioterapia unilateral para tratamento de carcinoma de mama

Renata Tristão Rodrigues, Ricardo Togashi, Hugo H Bok Yoo, Júlio Defaveri, Irma de Godoy, Thais Helena A. Thomaz Queluz

J Bras Pneumol.1998;24(1):47-50

Abstract PDF PT

The authors describe a case of a woman submitted to radiation therapy for breast carcinoma who presented, 40 days after the end of the treatment, fever, dry cough, dyspnea on exertion, and weight loss. Chest imaging revealed migratory opacities. The histopathological examination of transbronchial biopsy specimens showed characteristic findings of BOOP. Corticosteroid therapy resulted in dramatic clinical improvement, together with complete clearing of the pulmonary opacities on chest imaging. The authors present a brief review of the literature concerning radiation-induced lung injury, emphasizing the importance of including BOOP in the differential diagnosis in these complications. The present case, as well as the two other reports from the literature, provide further evidence for the role of irradiation injury as a cause of clinicopathological syndrome identical to idiopathic BOOP, i.e., radiation-induced BOOP.

 


Keywords: Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. BOOP. Radiation pneumonitis. Radiotherapy. Breast carcinoma.

 


Smoking cessation guidelines - 2008

Diretrizes para cessação do tabagismo - 2008

Jonatas Reichert, Alberto José de Araújo, Cristina Maria Cantarino Gonçalves, Irma de Godoy, José Miguel Chatkin, Maria da Penha Uchoa Sales, Sergio Ricardo Rodrigues de Almeida Santos e Colaboradores

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(10):845-880

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

These guidelines are an up-to-date and comprehensive tool to aid health professionals in treating smokers, recommending measures and strategies for managing each case based on clinical evidence. Written in a simplified and objective manner, the text is divided into two principal sections: Evaluation and Treatment. The sections both present comments on and levels of evidence represented by the references cited, as well as some proposals for the reduction of damage and for intervening in specific and still poorly explored situations, such as relapse, passive smoking, physician smoking, and tobacco use in specific environments.

 


Keywords: Smoking/adverse effects; Smoking cessation/methods; Guideline.

 


Wood stoves: a source of enjoyment and a potential hazard

Fogão a lenha: um passatempo agradável, uma rotina perigosa

Irma de Godoy

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(9):637-638

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Influence of lean body mass on cardiopulmonary repercussions during the six-minute walk test in patients with COPD

Influência da massa magra corporal nas repercussões cardiopulmonares durante o teste de caminhada de seis minutos em pacientes com DPOC

Nilva Regina Gelamo Pelegrino, Paulo Adolfo Lucheta, Fernanda Figueirôa Sanchez, Márcia Maria Faganello, Renata Ferrari, Irma de Godoy

J Bras Pneumol.2009;35(1):20-26

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: Although lean body mass (LBM) has been associated with mortality in patients with COPD, its influence on functional limitation is not clear. The objective of this study was to analyze the cardiopulmonary variables in COPD patients with or without LBM depletion, prior to and after the six-minute walk test (6MWT). Methods: We evaluated COPD patients, 32 with LBM depletion and 36 without. All patients underwent clinical evaluation, spirometry, evaluation of body mass composition and 6MWT, as well as completing questionnaires related to quality of life and perception of dyspnea. Results: No significant differences in the severity of airway obstruction, perception of dyspnea and quality of life scores were found between the groups. The distance covered on the 6MWT was similar in COPD patients with and without LBM depletion (470.3 ± 68.5 m vs. 448.2 ± 89.2 m). However, patients with LBM depletion presented significantly greater differences between baseline and final values in terms of heart rate and Borg scale index for lower limb fatigue. There was a significant positive correlation between distance covered on the 6MWT and FEV1 (r = 0.381, p = 0.01).Conclusions: In the patients studied, functional exercise tolerance and quality of life were unaffected by LBM depletion. However, the patients with LBM depletion presented more pronounced lower limb fatigue during the 6MWT, which underscores the importance of the evaluation and treatment of systemic manifestations in COPD patients.

 


Keywords: Body mass index; Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive; Exercise tolerance.

 


Characteristics of smokers enrolled in a public smoking cessation program

Perfil de fumantes atendidos em serviço público para tratamento do tabagismo

Laura Miranda de Oliveira Caram, Renata Ferrari, Suzana Erico Tanni, Liana Sousa Coelho, Ilda de Godoy, Rosana dos Santos e Silva Martin, Irma de Godoy

J Bras Pneumol.2009;35(10):980-985

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of smokers seeking treatment in a public smoking cessation program. Methods: This was a retrospective evaluation of data collected during the interview for enrollment in the smoking cessation program of the Smoking Outpatient Clinic of the Paulista State University School of Medicine in the city of Botucatu, Brazil, between April of 2003 and April of 2007. Demographic variables; previous use of the behavioral approach, medications or alternative treatments for smoking cessation; degree of nicotine dependence; and history of comorbidities were evaluated in 387 smokers. Results: In our sample, 63% of the smokers were female. The mean age of the subjects was 50 ± 25 years. More than half of the subjects (61%) had up to eight years of schooling, and 66% had a monthly income of less than twice the national minimum wage. The degree of nicotine dependence was high/very high in 59%, medium in 17% and low/very low in 24% of the subjects. Although 95% of the patients presented comorbidities, only 35% had been referred to the program by a physician. More than half of the subjects (68%) had made at least one smoking-cessation attempt, 83% of whom did so without the help of a structured program. Conclusions: Smokers seeking assistance for smoking cessation were socially disadvantaged, presented a high degree of nicotine dependence and had previously made smoking-cessation attempts without the benefit of a structured program. Therefore, in order to be effective, smoking control interventions should take into consideration the general characteristics of the smokers treated via the public health care system.

 


Keywords: Smoking; Tobacco use disorder; Smoking cessation.

 


Relationship between body mass index and asthma severity in adults

Relação entre o índice de massa corporal e a gravidade da asma em adultos

Nilva Regina Gelamo Pelegrino, Márcia Maria Faganello, Fernanda Figueirôa Sanchez, Carlos Roberto Padovani, Irma de Godoy

J Bras Pneumol.2007;33(6):641-646

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: Elevated values of body mass index (BMI) have been associated with higher prevalence of asthma in adults. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the association between obesity and asthma severity. Methods: Medical records of two hundred patients older than 20 years of age were evaluated retrospectively. Asthma severity was established after the evaluation of the medical history and diagnosis recorded, spirometry results and the medicines prescribed. BMI was calculated and patients were classified as obese when the BMI was ≥ 30 kg/m2. Results: 23% of the patients presented intermittent asthma, 25.5% presented mild persistent asthma, 24% presented moderate persistent asthma, and 27.5% presented severe persistent asthma. Values of BMI ≤ 29.9 kg/m2 were observed in 68% of the patients and in 32% the BMI was ≥ 30 kg/m2. The odds ratio of the correlation between obesity and asthma severity was 1.17 (95% CI: 0.90-1.53; p > 0.05). Conclusions: In the sample evaluated in this study no correlation between obesity and asthma severity was found for either gender.

 


Keywords: Asthma; Body mass index, Sex distribution; Obesity.

 


Acute chest syndrome as the first manifestation of sickle cell disease in a middle aged adult

Síndrome aguda do tórax como primeira manifestação de anemia falciforme em adulto

Hugo Hyung Bok Yoo, Nilva Regina Pelegrino, Ana Lúcia Oliveira de Carlos, Irma de Godoy, Thais Thomaz Queluz

J Bras Pneumol.2002;28(4):237-240

Abstract PDF PT

Acute chest syndrome is an affection, specially in young adults, of sickle cell disease and is responsible for 25% of the deaths. The authors report the case of an alcoholic 45-year-old mulatto man, without any previous manifestation of sickle cell disease, who presented with a pneumonia-like clinical picture with seven days of duration. The chest X-ray revealed bilateral lung infiltrates and spots of consolidation with air bronchograms, and left pleural effusion. The patient also had anemia and leukocytosis with neutrophilia. Treated with cefoxitin and amicacin, the patient developed acute respiratory insufficiency and died 14 hours after hospitalization. The necropsy showed lungs with intense congestion, intra-alveolar hemorrhage, diffuse alveolar damage, and sickle red blood cells. The progressive, fast, and severe character of the acute chest syndrome, which is frequently mimicked by other illnesses, makes the disease a dramatic and severe event of difficult earlier diagnosis. Therefore, in countries like Brazil, with a large black population, the physicians must always be aware of this possibility.

 



 

 


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