Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Trends in tuberculosis mortality in Brazil (1990-2015): joinpoint analysis

Tendência da mortalidade por tuberculose no Brasil (1990-2015): análise por pontos de inflexão

Carlos Dornels Freire de Souza1,a, João Paulo Silva de Paiva1,b, Leonardo Feitosa da Silva1,c, Thiago Cavalcanti Leal1,d, Mônica de Avelar Figueiredo Mafra Magalhães2,e

J Bras Pneumol.2019;45(2):e20180393-e20180393

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

The objective of this study was to analyze trends in the tuberculosis mortality rate in Brazil (1990-2015) in an ecological time-series analysis. The indicators were obtained from the Brazilian National Ministry of Health. A joinpoint regression model was applied for the temporal analysis, with a level of significance of 5%. During the period in question, there was a trend toward a reduction in mortality in the country as a whole (p < 0.001) and in each of its five regions. The states with the highest tuberculosis mortality rates were Rio de Janeiro (7.0/100,000 population) and Pernambuco (5.0/100,000 population). Eleven states and the Federal District of Brasília showed downward trends. Only the state of Alagoas showed a significant increase (p < 0.001). The temporal behavior observed indicates that tuberculosis continues to be a major public health problem in Brazil.

 


Keywords: Tuberculosis/epidemiology; Tuberculosis/mortality; Mortality/trends; Epidemiologic studies.

 


Tuberculosis surveillance in an endemic area of northeastern Brazil. What do the epidemiological indicators reveal?

Vigilância da tuberculose em uma área endêmica do Nordeste brasileiro: O que revelam os indicadores epidemiológicos?

Carlos Dornels Freire de Souza1,2,a, Thais Silva Matos3,4,b, Victor Santana Santos5,c, Franklin Gerônimo Bispo Santos2,d

J Bras Pneumol.2019;45(2):e20180257-e20180257

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