Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Foreign body aspiration in children: clinical aspects, radiological aspects and bronchoscopic treatment

Aspiração de corpo estranho em crianças: aspectos clínicos, radiológicos e tratamento broncoscópico

Andrea de Melo Alexandre Fraga, Marcelo Conrado dos Reis, Mariana Porto Zambon, Ivan Contrera Toro, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Emilio Carlos Elias Baracat

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(2):-

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To describe the clinical manifestations and bronchoscopic treatment of foreign body aspiration in children under 14 years of age, correlating the clinical aspects with the bronchoscopic findings. Methods: A retrospective, descriptive study analyzing data related to children under 14 years of age undergoing bronchoscopy due to clinical suspicion of foreign body aspiration at the State University at Campinas Hospital das Clinicas from January of 2000 to December of 2005. Results: The sample consisted of 69 patients, ranging in age from 8 months to 12 years/7 months (75.4% under 3 years of age), 62.3% of whom were male. The principal complaint was sudden-onset cough (75.4%), auscultation was abnormal in 74%, and dyspnea was observed in 29%. Radiological abnormalities were seen in 88% of the cases. Aspirations were primarily into the right lung (54.8%), and 30.7% of the foreign bodies were of vegetal origin (principally beans and peanuts). In the follow-up period, 29% presented complications (most commonly pneumonia), which were found to be associated with longer aspiration time (p = 0.03). Mechanical ventilation was required in 7 children (10.1%), and multiple bronchoscopies were performed in 5 (7.2%). Conclusion: A history of sudden-onset choking and cough, plus abnormal auscultation and radiological findings, characterizes the profile of foreign body aspiration. In such cases, bronchoscopy is indicated. Longer aspiration time translates to a higher the risk of complications. The high prevalence of foreign bodies of vegetal origin underscores the relevance of prevention programs aimed at children younger than 3 years of age.

 


Keywords: Foreign bodies; Bronchoscopy; Pediatrics.

 


Effects of Pilates mat exercises on muscle strength and on pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis

Efeitos do método Pilates na força muscular e na função pulmonar de pacientes com fibrose cística

Caroline Buarque Franco, Antonio Fernando Ribeiro, André Moreno Morcillo, Mariana Porto Zambon, Marina Buarque Almeida, Tatiana Rozov

J Bras Pneumol.2014;40(5):521-527

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Objective: To analyze the effects of Pilates mat exercises in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods: This was a clinical trial involving 19 CF patients recruited from either the CF Outpatient Clinic of the State University at Campinas Hospital de Clínicas or the Children's Institute of the University of São Paulo School of Medicine Hospital das Clínicas. All of the patients performed Pilates mat exercises for four months (one 60-min session per week). The variables studied (before and after the intervention) were respiratory muscle strength, MIP, MEP, FVC, and FEV1. Results: After the intervention, MIP was significantly higher in the male patients (p = 0.017), as were MIP and MEP in the female patients (p = 0.005 and p = 0.007, respectively). There were no significant differences between the pre- and post-intervention values of FVC or FEV1, neither in the sample as a whole nor among the patients of either gender. Conclusions: Our results show that Pilates mat exercises have beneficial effects on respiratory muscle strength in CF patients. (Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials - ReBEC; identification number RBR-86vp8x [http://www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br])

 


Keywords: Cystic fibrosis; Muscle strength; Exercise movement techniques; Respiratory function tests.

 


 

 


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