Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Lung cancer in workers exposed to silica

Câncer de pulmão em trabalhadores expostos à sílica

Ana Paula Scalia Carneiro, Max Anderson Morales dos Santos, Plínio Vasconcelos Maia, Sandhi Maria Barreto

J Bras Pneumol.2002;28(4):233-236

Abstract PDF PT

Silica is one of the main occupational agents associated with lung cancer. It is classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a Group 1 substance, i.e., carcinogenic for humans, since 1996. The objective of this paper is to report two cases of workers previously exposed to silica who developed lung cancer, seen in an out-patient clinic, focusing on important points of the current literature on the subject.

 



Comparative study of high resolution computer-assisted tomography with chest radiograph in the diagnosis of silicosis incipient cases

Estudo comparativo entre tomografia computadorizada de alta resolução e radiografia de tórax no diagnóstico da silicose em casos incipientes

Ana Paula Scalia Carneiro, Arminda Lucia Siqueira, Eduardo Algranti, Cid Sérgio Ferreira, Jorge Issamu Kavakama, Maria Luiza Bernardes, Thaís Abreu de Castro, René Mendes

J Bras Pneumol.2001;27(4):-

Abstract PDF PT

Introduction: At present, chest radiography (CR) is the main instrument used in the diagnosis of silicosis, following the International Labor Organization (ILO) recommendations. In incipient cases, the interpretation of radiographs is difficult and disagreement may occur, even among experienced readers. Recently, the possibility of evaluating incipient cases by using high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has been considered. Objective: To compare CR with HRCT results. Patients and methods: An original group of 135 ex-miners were evaluated by CR, according to ILO recommendations, examined by three readers, from November 1997 to December 1999. HRCT was indicated to 68 patients whose median profusion readings was 1/0 or below. HRCT results were examined by two readers and, in cases of disagreement, a third reader was consulted. HRCT results were classified according to micronodule profusion into categories 0 to 3. CR and HRCT results were compared using McNemar test, weighed Kappa coefficient and log-linear models. Results and conclusion: There was good agreement among the methods in category 0, so it was concluded that both methods are similar in excluding the diagnosis of silicosis. However, in category 1 or greater (diagnosis of the disease) a good agreement among the methods was not observed.

 


Keywords: Silicosis. Thoracic radiography. Tomography X-ray computed. Pneumoconiosis.

 


Mortality from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a temporal trend analysis in Brazil, 1979-2014

Mortalidade por fibrose pulmonar idiopática: análise temporal no Brasil, 1979-2014

Eduardo Algranti, Cézar Akiyoshi Saito, Diego Rodrigues Mendonça e Silva, Ana Paula Scalia Carneiro, Marco Antonio Bussacos

J Bras Pneumol.2017;43(6):445-450

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To analyze mortality from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in Brazil over the period 1979-2014. Methods: Microdata were extracted from the Brazilian National Ministry of Health Mortality Database. Only deaths for which the underlying cause was coded as International Classification of Diseases version 9 (ICD-9) 515 or 516.3 (until 1995) or as ICD version 10 (ICD-10) J84.1 (from 1996 onward) were included in our analysis. Standardized mortality rates were calculated for the 2010 Brazilian population. The annual trend in mortality rates was analyzed by joinpoint regression. We calculated risk ratios (RRs) by age group, time period of death, and gender, using a person-years denominator. Results: A total of 32,092 deaths were recorded in the study period. Standardized mortality rates trended upward, rising from 0.24/100,000 population in 1979 to 1.10/100,000 population in 2014. The annual upward trend in mortality rates had two inflection points, in 1992 and 2008, separating three distinct time segments with an annual growth of 2.2%, 6.8%, and 2.4%, respectively. The comparison of RRs for the age groups, using the 50- to 54-year age group as a reference, and for the study period, using 1979-1984 as a reference, were 16.14 (14.44-16.36) and 6.71 (6.34-7.12), respectively. Men compared with women had higher standardized mortality rates (per 100,000 person-years) in all age groups. Conclusion: Brazilian IPF mortality rates are lower than those of other countries, suggesting underdiagnosis or underreporting. The temporal trend is similar to those reported in the literature and is not explained solely by population aging.

 


Keywords: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis/epidemiology; Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis/mortality; Population dynamics.

 


Profile of 300 workers exposed to silica seen in an university outpatient clinic

Perfil de 300 trabalhadores expostos à sílica atendidos ambulatorialmente em Belo Horizonte

Ana Paula Scalia Carneiro, Luciano de Oliveira Campos, Marcelo Fonseca Coutinho Fernandes Gomes, Ada Ávila Assunção

J Bras Pneumol.2002;28(6):329-334

Abstract PDF PT

Introduction: Silicosis is the most prevalent pneumoconiosis in Brazil, with most of the registered cases occurring in the State of Minas Gerais. Although it is a preventable disease, silicosis is still epidemic in some areas. Objective: To describe the profile of workers seen at the Clinics Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais. Patients and methods: 300 medical records of silica-exposed workers in different occupations, seen between 1989-2000, were reviewed. Clinical and occupational information, radiographic and spirometric data were analyzed. Statistical methods included univariate analyses with chi-square and t tests. Results and conclusion: The mean age of the exposed patients was 51 years, with mean exposure duration of 15.6 years. 126/300 (42%) were radiologically classified as cases of silicosis. Increasing grades of profusion were associated with lower spirometric indices and more frequent associations with tuberculosis and chronic airflow limitation. Most of the workers were regularly registered employees and the main occupational activity was mining, accounting for the exposure of 197 (66%) workers. Non-registered workers presented more severe radiological grades of silicosis, suggesting, possibly, worse conditions of silica exposure in this group of workers.

 



 

 


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