Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Assessment of the quality of life of patients with lung cancer using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey

Avaliação da qualidade de vida em pacientes com câncer de pulmão através da aplicação do questionário Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey

Juliana Franceschini, Alecssandra Aparecida dos Santos, Inás El Mouallem, Sergio Jamnik, César Uehara, Ana Luisa Godoy Fernandes, Ilka Lopes Santoro

J Bras Pneumol.2008;34(6):387-393

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To assess the quality of life of patients with lung cancer and to compare it with that of individuals without cancer. Methods: The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) was administered to 57 patients diagnosed with lung cancer, treated at the Lung Cancer Outpatient Clinic of the Hospital São Paulo, and to a control group of 57 individuals recruited from the Extra Penha workout group. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the groups, domain by domain. The first model of logistic regression was adjusted for male gender, nonsurgical treatment, Karnofsky performance status and smoking, which were included as predictors. The second model was adjusted for each SF-36 domain in order to identify increases in the proportions of patients in stage IIIB or IV. Results: The lung cancer group and the control group presented the following mean scores, respectively, for the SF-36 domains: role limitations due to physical health problems, 29.39 ± 36.94 and 82.89 ± 28.80; role limitations due to emotional problems, 42.78 ± 44.78 and 86.55 ± 28.77; physical function, 56.49 ± 28.39 and 89.00 ± 13.80; vitality, 61.61 ± 23.82 and 79.12 ± 17.68; bodily pain, 62.72 ± 28.72 and 81.54 ± 19.07; general health, 62.51 ± 25.57 and 84.47 ± 13.47; emotional well-being, 68.28 ± 23.46 and 82.63 ± 17.44; and social functioning, 72.87 ± 29.20 and 91.67 ± 17.44. The logistic regression model showed that role limitations due to physical health problems, physical function and emotional well-being were predictors of stages IIIB and IV. Conclusions: The patients with lung cancer had a poorer quality of life, especially regarding physical aspects, than did the control subjects.

 


Keywords: Lung neoplasms; Quality of life; Health status.

 


Evaluation of the risk of bacterial contamination in the patient submitted to bronchoscopy, after reprocessing the bronchoscope

Avaliação do risco de contaminação por bactérias, no paciente submetido à broncoscopia, após o reprocessamento do broncoscópio

Nancy Spekla Grande, Romilda Aparecida Nakayama, Antonia Maria de Oliveira Machado, Fábio Akio Yamaguti, Cesar Uehara

J Bras Pneumol.2002;28(5):250-260

Abstract PDF PT

Introduction: Bronchoscopic is a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure performed by introducing a flexible tube in the airways that allows for the visualization even of the smallest airways. In order to prevent or reduce the risk of infection, the bronchoscope must be adequately disinfected with at least high level disinfection. Purpose: Check for the risk of bacterial contamination for patients submitted to bronchoscopy at the Hospital São Paulo of Unifesp University, State of São Paulo. Methods: From 1997 to 1998, bronchoscope reprocessing included cleaning, rinsing with sterile or potable water, followed by rinsing with 2% glutaraldehyde for 20 minutes, rinsing again with sterile or potable water, and rinsing with 70% ethyl alcohol, and forced-air drying through the suction channel. Samples of 65 patients were collected for microbiologic tests by instilling sterile saline solution through the suction channel of the bronchoscope. Results: After reprocessing, the following were found in the samples: Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterobacter sp, Acinetobacter baumanni, Streptococcus viridans, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus beta hemoliticus A, Staphylococcus coagulase negative, and mycobacterial growth was found in the culture of five samples. Conclusions: Bronchoscope disinfection with 2% glutaraldehyde was not sufficient to assured disinfection of the scope and the presence of Staphylococcus epidermidis shows that there was bronchoscope contamination due to handling after disinfection.

 



Nutritional evaluation in patients with lung cancer

Avaliação nutricional em pacientes portadores de câncer de pulmão

Sérgio Jamnik, Cesar Uehara, Ilka Lopes Santoro

J Bras Pneumol.1998;24(6):347-353

Abstract PDF PT

The authors analyze the nutritional status of patients with lung cancer. 131 patients, 96 (73.3%) male and 35 (26.7%) female, were classified into three groups: I - malnourished patients; II - eutrophic patients and III - obese patients. Most of the malnourished had anorexia (59.7%), which was not seen in the eutrophic (25%) and obese patients (26.1%). More than 70% of patients reported some degree of previous weight loss at the initial evaluation, weight loss being higher among malnourished patients. Weight loss was observed in more than 60% of the patients during the follow-up period of 3 months after the first evaluation. Patients with squamous carcinoma neoplasms prevailed in the malnourished group whereas adenocarcinoma was more prevalent in the other two groups. Most patients had advanced stages of the disease.

 


Keywords: Lung cancer. Nutritional status.

 


Comparative study of prognostic factors among longer and shorter survival patients with bronchogenic carcinoma

Estudo comparativo dos fatores prognósticos entre os pacientes com maior e menor sobrevida em portadores de carcinoma broncogênico

Sérgio Jamnik, Ilka Lopes Santoro, César Uehara

J Bras Pneumol.2002;28(5):245-249

Abstract PDF PT

Despite the improvements seen in the treatment of lung cancer, little has improved in the survival of these patients, and a great importance is attributed to the factors that have a role to play in such survival. Purpose: To check for possible prognostic factor differences in two populations of lung cancer patients, one of them with short survival (less than six months), and the other with longer survival (more than 24 months). Methods: From 1997 to 1999, 52 patients with histopathologic diagnosis of homogenous carcinoma were studied, and demographics, clinical parameters, smoking pattern, Karnofsky's index, disease staging, and laboratory dosing of lactic dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, carcinoembryonic antigen, and calcium data were surveyed. Results: 29 patients had less than six month survival, and 23 had more than 24 month survival. The three most important factors for short survival were the low initial Karnofsky's index, loss of appetite, and high serum LDH levels. Conclusion: The three prognosis components are: current physical status, prior physical status, and current status of the disease.

 



Location of lung carcinoma in relation to the smoking habit and gender

Localização do carcinoma pulmonar em relação ao vício tabágico e ao sexo

Sérgio Jamnik, César Uehara, Vilmer Vieira da Silva

J Bras Pneumol.2006;32(6):510-514

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Objective: To analyze the locations of lung carcinomas in relation to patient gender and smoking status. Methods: In order to test the hypothesis that lung carcinoma location (upper or lower lobe; left or right side) is correlated with smoking status and gender, we conducted a retrospective study of 697 patients with bronchogenic carcinoma treated at the Pulmonology-Oncology Outpatient Clinic of the Federal University of São Paulo. Results: We found that the bronchogenic carcinomas occurring in smokers were more frequently located in the upper lobes, whereas those occurring in nonsmokers were more frequently located in the lower lobes. In women, the neoplasms were more often seen in the lower lobes, especially in nonsmokers. Based on the available data, there were no differences in terms of the side affected (left or right). Conclusion: Overall, bronchogenic carcinomas are predominantly found in the upper lobes. However, in nonsmokers, they occur more frequently in the lower lobes. In females, bronchogenic carcinomas present a tendency to occur more often in the lower lobes.

 


Keywords: Lung neoplasms; Sex factors; Smoking

 


 

 


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