Brazilian Journal of Pulmonology

ISSN (on-line): 1806-3756 | ISSN (printed): 1806-3713

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Publication continuous and bimonthly

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Chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis

Aspergilose pulmonar necrotizante crônica

Eduardo Felipe Barbosa Silva, Melânio de Paula Barbosa, Marco Antônio Alves de Oliveira, Rosane Rodrigues Martins, Jefferson Fontinele e Silva

J Bras Pneumol.2009;35(1):95-98

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis is one of the forms of pulmonary aspergillosis typically found in mildly immunocompromised patients. We report the case of a female patient with complaints of chronic productive cough, fever and asthenia. She reported previous corticosteroid use. Computed tomography of the chest revealed consolidation with interposed cavitation in the right upper lobe. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed purulent fluid within the tracheobronchial tree and an endobronchial exophytic lesion. The results of the biopsy of that lesion and the transbronchial biopsy were consistent with aspergillosis. Based on the clinical, radiological and histopathological findings, the patient was diagnosed with chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis. Treated with itraconazole, the patient presented a favorable clinical-radiological evolution.

 


Keywords: Aspergillosis; Lung diseases, fungal; Itraconazole. Resumo

 


Small cell carcinoma in Pancoast syndrome

Carcinoma de pequenas células na síndrome de Pancoast

Jefferson Fontinele e Silva, Melânio de Paula Barbosa, Cláudio Luiz Viegas

J Bras Pneumol.2009;35(2):190-193

Abstract PDF PT PDF EN Portuguese Text

Pancoast syndrome consists of signs and symptoms resulting from a tumor affecting the pulmonary apex and adjacent structures. The process is typically caused by a neoplasm. The majority of cases of Pancoast syndrome are caused by bronchogenic carcinoma. The most commonly found histologic subtypes are adenocarcinoma and epidermoid carcinoma. There have been very few reports of small cell lung carcinoma in the genesis of Pancoast syndrome. We describe the case of a patient with Pancoast syndrome caused by small cell lung carcinoma and discuss the aspects related to the diagnosis and treatment.

 


Keywords: Pancoast syndrome; Small cell lung carcinoma; Lung neoplasms.

 


 

 


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